How to Upload an Image and Auto-Resize it with PHP

image resize with php

If you are trying make a web application that allows users to upload the image using the form and you want those images to be resized and serve them by other means, then this tutorial will help you. So let’s know how it’s done.

Step – 1: Create a Form where users can upload the image

We will create just a simple form with the file upload option. You can customize and design however you like. The form uses upload.php as action that we will create in the next step. If you are going to keep the PHP code and form in the same file just remove upload.php and keep it just as “”.

<form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
       <input type="file" name="image">
       <input type="submit" value="Submit" name="submit">
 </form>

Step 2: PHP File (Image) Upload Script and Explanation

Here is the Upload.php that we are using as action

    if(isset($_FILES['image'])){
        $file_name = $_FILES['image']['name'];
        $file_size = $_FILES['image']['size'];
        $tmp_file = $_FILES['image']['tmp_name'];
        $tmp = explode('.',$file_name);
        $file_extension = strtolower(end($tmp));    

        $image_type = array("jpeg", "jpg", "png", "gif");
        $errors = array();
    
    if(in_array($file_extension, $image_type)===false){
        $errors[] = "Only .JPG, .JPEG, .PNG, and.GIF files are allowed.";
        print $errors[0];
        echo "<br>";
    }
    elseif($file_size > 3145728){
        $errors[] = "The file must be equal to or lower than 3MB.";
        print $errors[0];
    }else{
        move_uploaded_file($tmp_file, "uploads/" . $file_name);
    }
}

Explanation: In the upload.php script file. We are allowing users to upload .gif, .jpg, .jpef, and .png files only. If users try to upload a different type of file, they will get an error message as “Only .JPG, .JPEG, .PNG, and.GIF files are allowed.” In the same way we have limited the upload size as 3MB max (3145728 bites). The file will be saved under the “uploads” folder that you need to create on your server where the PHP file is uploaded. The will be saved with the same name what its name is.

Step 3: Resizing the image when it’s uploaded

Note: Please note that it will create a different image with the size you defined, and the original image will remain there as it is. You can delete them if you like. Or learn to auto-delete those file after resizing them (I have explained in the end of this article).

You can use the below script in the end of the upload.php script. So both the scripts is going to be under the same file and it will work just fine.

        $im = new imagick("uploads/" . $file_name);
        $imageFile = $im->getImageGeometry();
        $width = $imageFile['width'];
        $height = $imageFile['height'];
        $newHeight = 150;
        $newWidth = 150;

        $im->resizeImage($newWidth,$newHeight, imagick::PAINT_FILLTOBORDER, 0.9);

        $im->writeImage('Resizedimages/resized_'.$file_name);

Explanation: In the image resizing script, we are resizing the uploaded image in 150p x 150p resolution and saving it under the Resizedimages folder that you need to create under the same folder. The new image will be saved as “resized_filename.”

How to Auto Delete Uploaded Image After Resizing it?

If you want the uploaded image to resize and replace the user uploaded image with the new resized image, then you can do it just by replacing the already saved image. All you have to do is save the resized image to the same folder where uploaded images are saved and also save it with the same name. This way the resized image will replace the already saved image.

Edit this line in the end of the code

Replace this : $im->writeImage('Resizedimages/resized_'.$file_name);
with this: $im->writeImage('Uploads/'.$file_name);

Note: Don’t forget to start with <?php and finish with ?>.

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